BBIN

当前位置: BBIN   政策法规  宪法

宪法

    (1982nian12yue4ridiwujiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiwucihuiyitongguo1982nian12yue4riquanguorenmindaibiaodahuigonggaogongbushixinggenju1988nian4yue12ridiqijiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiyicihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》、1993nian3yue29ridibajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiyicihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》、1999nian3yue15ridijiujiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiercihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》he2004nian3yue14ridishijiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiercihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》xiuzheng)

目 录

  xuyan

  diyizhang zonggang

  dierzhang gongmindejibenquanliheyiwu

  disanzhang guojiajigou

BBIN   diyijie quanguorenmindaibiaodahui

BBIN   dierjie zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi

   disanjie guowuyuan

   disijie zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhui

   diwujie difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenminzhengfu

   diliujie minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguan

BBIN   diqijie renminfayuanherenminjianchayuan

  disizhang guoqi、guoge、guohui、shoudou

序 言


BBIN  中国是世界上历史最悠久的国家之一。中国各族人民共同创造了光辉灿烂的文化,具有光荣的革命传统。

  yibasilingnianyihou,fengjiandezhongguozhujianbianchengbanzhimindi、banfengjiandeguojia。zhongguorenminweiguojiaduli、minzujiefangheminzhuziyoujinxingleqianpuhoujideyingyongfendou。

  ershishiji,zhongguofashenglefantianfudideweidalishibiange。

  yijiuyiyiniansunzhongshanxianshenglingdaodexinhaigeming,feichulefengjiandizhi,chuanglilezhonghuaminguo。danshi,zhongguorenminfanduidiguozhuyihefengjianzhuyidelishirenwuhaimeiyouwancheng。

  yijiusijiunian,yimaozedongzhuxiweilingxiudezhongguogongchandanglingdaozhongguogezurenmin,zaijinglilezhangqidejiannanquzhedewuzhuangdouzhengheqitaxingshidedouzhengyihou,zhongyutuifanlediguozhuyi、fengjianzhuyiheguanliaozibenzhuyidetongzhi,qudelexinminzhuzhuyigemingdeweidashengli,jianlilezhonghuarenmingongheguo。congci,zhongguorenminzhangwoleguojiadequanli,chengweiguojiadezhuren。

BBIN  zhonghuarenmingongheguochengliyihou,woguoshehuizhubushixianleyouxinminzhuzhuyidaoshehuizhuyideguodu。shengchanziliaosiyouzhideshehuizhuyigaizaoyijingwancheng,renboxuerendezhiduyijingxiaomie,shehuizhuyizhiduyijingqueli。gongrenjiejilingdaode、yigongnonglianmengweijichuderenminminzhuzhuanzheng,shizhishangjiwuchanjiejizhuanzheng,dedaogongguhefazhan。zhongguorenminhezhongguorenminjiefangjunzhanshenglediguozhuyi、baquanzhuyideqinlve、pohuaihewuzhuangtiaoxin,weihuleguojiadeduliheanquan,zengqiangleguofang。jingjijianshequdelezhongdadechengjiu,dulide、bijiaowanzhengdeshehuizhuyigongyetixiyijingjibenxingcheng,nongyeshengchanxianzhutigao。jiaoyu、kexue、wenhuadengshiyeyoulehendadefazhan,shehuizhuyisixiangjiaoyuqudelemingxiandechengxiao。guangdarenmindeshenghuoyoulejiaodadegaishan。

  zhongguoxinminzhuzhuyigemingdeshengliheshehuizhuyishiyedechengjiu,shizhongguogongchandanglingdaozhongguogezurenmin,zaimakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiangdezhiyinxia,jianchizhenli,xiuzhengcuowu,zhanshengxuduojiannanxianzuerqudede。woguojiangzhangqichuyushehuizhuyichujijieduan。guojiadegenbenrenwushi,yanzhezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolu,jizhongliliangjinxingshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshe。zhongguogezurenminjiangjixuzaizhongguogongchandanglingdaoxia,zaimakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiang、dengxiaopinglilunhe“sangedaibiao”zhongyaosixiangzhiyinxia,jianchirenminminzhuzhuanzheng,jianchishehuizhuyidaolu,jianchigaigekaifang,buduanwanshanshehuizhuyidegexiangzhidu,fazhanshehuizhuyishichangjingji,fazhanshehuizhuyiminzhu,jianquanshehuizhuyifazhi,ziligengsheng,jiankufendou,zhubushixiangongye、nongye、guofanghekexuejishudexiandaihua,tuidongwuzhiwenming、zhengzhiwenminghejingshenwenmingxiediaofazhan,bawoguojianshechengweifuqiang、minzhu、wenmingdeshehuizhuyiguojia。

BBIN  zaiwoguo,boxuejiejizuoweijiejiyijingxiaomie,danshijiejidouzhenghaijiangzaiyidingfanweineizhangqicunzai。zhongguorenminduidishihepohuaiwoguoshehuizhuyizhidudeguoneiwaidediduishilihediduifenzi,bixujinxingdouzheng。

  taiwanshizhonghuarenmingongheguodeshenshenglingtudeyibufen。wanchengtongyizuguodedayeshibaokuotaiwantongbaozaineidequanzhongguorenmindeshenshengzhize。

BBIN  shehuizhuyidejiansheshiyebixuyikaogongren、nongminhezhishifenzi,tuanjieyiqiekeyituanjiedeliliang。zaizhangqidegeminghejiansheguochengzhong,yijingjiechengyouzhongguogongchandanglingdaode,yougeminzhudangpaihegerenmintuanticanjiade,baokuoquantishehuizhuyilaodongzhe、shehuizhuyishiyedejianshezhe、yonghushehuizhuyideaiguozheheyonghuzuguotongyideaiguozhedeguangfandeaiguotongyizhanxian,zheigetongyizhanxianjiangjixugongguhefazhan。zhongguorenminzhengzhixieshanghuiyishiyouguangfandaibiaoxingdetongyizhanxianzuzhi,guoqufahuilezhongyaodelishizuoyong,jinhouzaiguojiazhengzhishenghuo、shehuishenghuoheduiwaiyouhaohuodongzhong,zaijinxingshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshe、weihuguojiadetongyihetuanjiededouzhengzhong,jiangjinyibufahuitadezhongyaozuoyong。zhongguogongchandanglingdaodeduodanghezuohezhengzhixieshangzhidujiangzhangqicunzaihefazhan。

  zhonghuarenmingongheguoshiquanguogezurenmingongtongdizaodetongyideduominzuguojia。pingdeng、tuanjie、huzhudeshehuizhuyiminzuguanxiyijingqueli,bingjiangjixujiaqiang。zaiweihuminzutuanjiededouzhengzhong,yaofanduidaminzuzhuyi,zhuyaoshidahanzuzhuyi,yeyaofanduidifangminzuzhuyi。guojiajinyiqienuli,cujinquanguogeminzudegongtongfanrong。

  zhongguogeminghejianshedechengjiushitongshijierenmindezhichifenbukaide。zhongguodeqiantushitongshijiedeqiantujinmidilianxizaiyiqide。zhongguojianchidulizizhudeduiwaizhengce,jianchihuxiangzunzhongzhuquanhelingtuwanzheng、hubuqinfan、hubugansheneizheng、pingdenghuli、hepinggongchudewuxiangyuanze,fazhantonggeguodewaijiaoguanxihejingji、wenhuadejiaoliu;jianchifanduidiguozhuyi、baquanzhuyi、zhiminzhuyi,jiaqiangtongshijiegeguorenmindetuanjie,zhichibeiyapominzuhefazhanzhongguojiazhengquheweihuminzuduli、fazhanminzujingjidezhengyidouzheng,weiweihushijiehepinghecujinrenleijinbushiyeernuli。

BBIN  benxianfayifalvdexingshiquerenlezhongguogezurenminfendoudechengguo,guidingleguojiadegenbenzhiduhegenbenrenwu,shiguojiadegenbenfa,juyouzuigaodefalvxiaoli。quanguogezurenmin、yiqieguojiajiguanhewuzhuangliliang、gezhengdanghegeshehuituanti、geqiyeshiyezuzhi,doubixuyixianfaweigenbendehuodongzhunze,bingqiefuyouweihuxianfazunyan、baozhengxianfashishidezhize。

第一章 总纲

  diyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshigongrenjiejilingdaode、yigongnonglianmengweijichuderenminminzhuzhuanzhengdeshehuizhuyiguojia。

BBIN  shehuizhuyizhidushizhonghuarenmingongheguodegenbenzhidu。jinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenpohuaishehuizhuyizhidu。

  diertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodeyiqiequanlishuyurenmin。

  renminxingshiguojiaquanlidejiguanshiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahui。

  renminyizhaofalvguiding,tongguogezhongtujinghexingshi,guanliguojiashiwu,guanlijingjihewenhuashiye,guanlishehuishiwu。

  disantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodeguojiajigoushixingminzhujizhongzhideyuanze。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuidouyouminzhuxuanjuchansheng,duirenminfuze,shourenminjiandu。

BBIN  guojiaxingzhengjiguan、shenpanjiguan、jianchajiguandouyourenmindaibiaodahuichansheng,duitafuze,shoutajiandu。

  zhongyanghedifangdeguojiajigouzhiquandehuafen,zunxunzaizhongyangdetongyilingdaoxia,chongfenfahuidifangdezhudongxing、jijixingdeyuanze。

  disitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogeminzuyilvpingdeng。guojiabaozhanggeshaoshuminzudehefadequanliheliyi,weihuhefazhangeminzudepingdeng、tuanjie、huzhuguanxi。jinzhiduirenheminzudeqishiheyapo,jinzhipohuaiminzutuanjiehezhizaominzufenliedexingwei。

  guojiagenjugeshaoshuminzudetedianhexuyao,bangzhugeshaoshuminzudiqujiasujingjihewenhuadefazhan。

BBIN  geshaoshuminzujujudedifangshixingquyuzizhi,shelizizhijiguan,xingshizizhiquan。geminzuzizhidifangdoushizhonghuarenmingongheguobukefenlidebufen。

BBIN  geminzudouyoushiyonghefazhanzijideyuyanwenzideziyou,douyoubaochihuozhegaigezijidefengsuxiguandeziyou。

  diwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshixingyifazhiguo,jiansheshehuizhuyifazhiguojia。

  guojiaweihushehuizhuyifazhidetongyihezunyan。

  yiqiefalv、xingzhengfaguihedifangxingfaguidoubudetongxianfaxiangdichu。

  yiqieguojiajiguanhewuzhuangliliang、gezhengdanghegeshehuituanti、geqiyeshiyezuzhidoubixuzunshouxianfahefalv。yiqieweifanxianfahefalvdexingwei,bixuyuyizhuijiu。

  renhezuzhihuozhegerendoubudeyouchaoyuexianfahefalvdetequan。

BBIN  diliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodeshehuizhuyijingjizhidudejichushishengchanziliaodeshehuizhuyigongyouzhi,jiquanminsuoyouzhihelaodongqunzhongjitisuoyouzhi。shehuizhuyigongyouzhixiaomierenboxuerendezhidu,shixinggejinsuoneng、anlaofenpeideyuanze。

BBIN  guojiazaishehuizhuyichujijieduan,jianchigongyouzhiweizhuti、duozhongsuoyouzhijingjigongtongfazhandejibenjingjizhidu,jianchianlaofenpeiweizhuti、duozhongfenpeifangshibingcundefenpeizhidu。

BBIN  diqitiao guoyoujingji,jishehuizhuyiquanminsuoyouzhijingji,shiguominjingjizhongdezhudaoliliang。guojiabaozhangguoyoujingjidegongguhefazhan。

BBIN  dibatiao nongcunjitijingjizuzhishixingjiatingchengbaojingyingweijichu、tongfenjiehedeshuangcengjingyingtizhi。nongcunzhongdeshengchan、gongxiao、xinyong、xiaofeidenggezhongxingshidehezuojingji,shishehuizhuyilaodongqunzhongjitisuoyouzhijingji。canjianongcunjitijingjizuzhidelaodongzhe,youquanzaifalvguidingdefanweineijingyingziliudi、ziliushan、jiatingfuyehesiyangziliuchu。

BBIN  chengzhenzhongdeshougongye、gongye、jianzhuye、yunshuye、shangye、fuwuyedengxingyedegezhongxingshidehezuojingji,doushishehuizhuyilaodongqunzhongjitisuoyouzhijingji。

  guojiabaohuchengxiangjitijingjizuzhidehefadequanliheliyi,guli、zhidaohebangzhujitijingjidefazhan。

  dijiutiao kuangzang、shuiliu、senlin、shanling、caoyuan、huangdi、tantudengziranziyuan,doushuyuguojiasuoyou,jiquanminsuoyou;youfalvguidingshuyujitisuoyoudesenlinheshanling、caoyuan、huangdi、tantuchuwai。

  guojiabaozhangziranziyuandeheliliyong,baohuzhenguidedongwuhezhiwu。jinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenyongrenheshouduanqinzhanhuozhepohuaiziranziyuan。

  dishitiao chengshidetudishuyuguojiasuoyou。

BBIN  nongcunhechengshijiaoqudetudi,chuyoufalvguidingshuyuguojiasuoyoudeyiwai,shuyujitisuoyou;zhaijidiheziliudi、ziliushan,yeshuyujitisuoyou。

  guojiaweilegonggongliyidexuyao,keyiyizhaofalvguidingduitudishixingzhengshouhuozhezhengyongbingjiyubuchang。

BBIN  renhezuzhihuozhegerenbudeqinzhan、maimaihuozheyiqitaxingshifeifazhuanrangtudi。tudideshiyongquankeyiyizhaofalvdeguidingzhuanrang。

BBIN  yiqieshiyongtudidezuzhihegerenbixuhelidiliyongtudi。

  dishiyitiao zaifalvguidingfanweineidegetijingji、siyingjingjidengfeigongyouzhijingji,shishehuizhuyishichangjingjidezhongyaozuchengbufen。

  guojiabaohugetijingji、siyingjingjidengfeigongyouzhijingjidehefadequanliheliyi。guojiaguli、zhichiheyindaofeigongyouzhijingjidefazhan,bingduifeigongyouzhijingjiyifashixingjianduheguanli。

  dishiertiao shehuizhuyidegonggongcaichanshenshengbukeqinfan。

  guojiabaohushehuizhuyidegonggongcaichan。jinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenyongrenheshouduanqinzhanhuozhepohuaiguojiadehejitidecaichan。

BBIN  dishisantiao gongmindehefadesiyoucaichanbushouqinfan。

  guojiayizhaofalvguidingbaohugongmindesiyoucaichanquanhejichengquan。

  guojiaweilegonggongliyidexuyao,keyiyizhaofalvguidingduigongmindesiyoucaichanshixingzhengshouhuozhezhengyongbingjiyubuchang。

  dishisitiao guojiatongguotigaolaodongzhedejijixinghejishushuiping,tuiguangxianjindekexuejishu,wanshanjingjiguanlitizhiheqiyejingyingguanlizhidu,shixinggezhongxingshideshehuizhuyizerenzhi,gaijinlaodongzuzhi,yibuduantigaolaodongshengchanlvhejingjixiaoyi,fazhanshehuishengchanli。

BBIN  guojialixingjieyue,fanduilangfei。

BBIN  guojiahelianpaijileihexiaofei,jianguguojia、jitihegerendeliyi,zaifazhanshengchandejichushang,zhubugaishanrenmindewuzhishenghuohewenhuashenghuo。

  guojiajianlijianquantongjingjifazhanshuipingxiangshiyingdeshehuibaozhangzhidu。

  dishiwutiao guojiashixingshehuizhuyishichangjingji。

BBIN  guojiajiaqiangjingjilifa,wanshanhongguandiaokong。

  guojiayifajinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenraoluanshehuijingjizhixu。

  dishiliutiao guoyouqiyezaifalvguidingdefanweineiyouquanzizhujingying。

  guoyouqiyeyizhaofalvguiding,tongguozhigongdaibiaodahuiheqitaxingshi,shixingminzhuguanli。

  dishiqitiao jitijingjizuzhizaizunshouyouguanfalvdeqiantixia,youdulijinxingjingjihuodongdezizhuquan。

  jitijingjizuzhishixingminzhuguanli,yizhaofalvguidingxuanjuhebamianguanlirenyuan,juedingjingyingguanlidezhongdawenti。

BBIN  dishibatiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoyunxuwaiguodeqiyeheqitajingjizuzhihuozhegerenyizhaozhonghuarenmingongheguofalvdeguidingzaizhongguotouzi,tongzhongguodeqiyehuozheqitajingjizuzhijinxinggezhongxingshidejingjihezuo。

BBIN  zaizhongguojingneidewaiguoqiyeheqitawaiguojingjizuzhiyijizhongwaihezijingyingdeqiye,doubixuzunshouzhonghuarenmingongheguodefalv。tamendehefadequanliheliyishouzhonghuarenmingongheguofalvdebaohu。

  dishijiutiao guojiafazhanshehuizhuyidejiaoyushiye,tigaoquanguorenmindekexuewenhuashuiping。

  guojiajubangezhongxuexiao,pujichudengyiwujiaoyu,fazhanzhongdengjiaoyu、zhiyejiaoyuhegaodengjiaoyu,bingqiefazhanxueqianjiaoyu。

  guojiafazhangezhongjiaoyusheshi,saochuwenmang,duigongren、nongmin、guojiagongzuorenyuanheqitalaodongzhejinxingzhengzhi、wenhua、kexue、jishu、yewudejiaoyu,gulizixuechengcai。

  guojiagulijitijingjizuzhi、guojiaqiyeshiyezuzhiheqitashehuililiangyizhaofalvguidingjubangezhongjiaoyushiye。

BBIN  guojiatuiguangquanguotongyongdeputonghua。

  diershitiao guojiafazhanzirankexueheshehuikexueshiye,pujikexuehejishuzhishi,jianglikexueyanjiuchengguohejishufamingchuangzao。

  diershiyitiao guojiafazhanyiliaoweishengshiye,fazhanxiandaiyiyaohewoguochuantongyiyao,gulihezhichinongcunjitijingjizuzhi、guojiaqiyeshiyezuzhihejiedaozuzhijubangezhongyiliaoweishengsheshi,kaizhanqunzhongxingdeweishenghuodong,baohurenminjiankang。

  guojiafazhantiyushiye,kaizhanqunzhongxingdetiyuhuodong,zengqiangrenmintizhi。

  diershiertiao guojiafazhanweirenminfuwu、weishehuizhuyifuwudewenxueyishushiye、xinwenguangbodianshishiye、chubanfaxingshiye、tushuguanbowuguanwenhuaguanheqitawenhuashiye,kaizhanqunzhongxingdewenhuahuodong。

  guojiabaohumingshengguji、zhenguiwenwuheqitazhongyaolishiwenhuayichan。

  diershisantiao guojiapeiyangweishehuizhuyifuwudegezhongzhuanyerencai,kuodazhishifenzideduiwu,chuangzaotiaojian,chongfenfahuitamenzaishehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshezhongdezuoyong。

  diershisitiao guojiatongguopujilixiangjiaoyu、daodejiaoyu、wenhuajiaoyu、jilvhefazhijiaoyu,tongguozaichengxiangbutongfanweidequnzhongzhongzhidinghezhixinggezhongshouze、gongyue,jiaqiangshehuizhuyijingshenwenmingdejianshe。

BBIN  guojiatichangaizuguo、airenmin、ailaodong、aikexue、aishehuizhuyidegongde,zairenminzhongjinxingaiguozhuyi、jitizhuyiheguojizhuyi、gongchanzhuyidejiaoyu,jinxingbianzhengweiwuzhuyihelishiweiwuzhuyidejiaoyu,fanduizibenzhuyide、fengjianzhuyideheqitadefuxiusixiang。

  diershiwutiao guojiatuixingjihuashengyu,shirenkoudezengzhangtongjingjiheshehuifazhanjihuaxiangshiying。

  diershiliutiao guojiabaohuhegaishanshenghuohuanjingheshengtaihuanjing,fangzhiwuranheqitagonghai。

  guojiazuzhihegulizhishuzaolin,baohulinmu。

  diershiqitiao yiqieguojiajiguanshixingjingjiandeyuanze,shixinggongzuozerenzhi,shixinggongzuorenyuandepeixunhekaohezhidu,buduantigaogongzuozhilianghegongzuoxiaolv,fanduiguanliaozhuyi。

  yiqieguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuanbixuyikaorenmindezhichi,jingchangbaochitongrenmindemiqielianxi,qingtingrenmindeyijianhejianyi,jieshourenmindejiandu,nuliweirenminfuwu。

  diershibatiao guojiaweihushehuizhixu,zhenyapanguoheqitaweihaiguojiaanquandefanzuihuodong,zhicaiweihaishehuizhian、pohuaishehuizhuyijingjiheqitafanzuidehuodong,chengbanhegaizaofanzuifenzi。

BBIN  diershijiutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodewuzhuangliliangshuyurenmin。taderenwushigongguguofang,dikangqinlve,baoweizuguo,baoweirenmindehepinglaodong,canjiaguojiajiansheshiye,nuliweirenminfuwu。

  guojiajiaqiangwuzhuangliliangdegeminghua、xiandaihua、zhengguihuadejianshe,zengqiangguofangliliang。

  disanshitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodexingzhengquyuhuafenruxia:

BBIN  (yi)quanguofenweisheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashi;

  (er)sheng、zizhiqufenweizizhizhou、xian、zizhixian、shi;

  (san)xian、zizhixianfenweixiang、minzuxiang、zhen。

  zhixiashihejiaodadeshifenweiqu、xian。zizhizhoufenweixian、zizhixian、shi。

BBIN  zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixiandoushiminzuzizhidifang。

  disanshiyitiao guojiazaibiyaoshideshelitebiexingzhengqu。zaitebiexingzhengquneishixingdezhiduanzhaojutiqingkuangyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyifalvguiding。

BBIN  disanshiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguobaohuzaizhongguojingneidewaiguorendehefaquanliheliyi,zaizhongguojingneidewaiguorenbixuzunshouzhonghuarenmingongheguodefalv。

BBIN  zhonghuarenmingongheguoduiyuyinweizhengzhiyuanyinyaoqiubinandewaiguoren,keyijiyushoubihudequanli。

第二章 公民的基本权利和义务

BBIN  disanshisantiao fanjuyouzhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiderendoushizhonghuarenmingongheguogongmin。

  zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminzaifalvmianqianyilvpingdeng。

BBIN  guojiazunzhonghebaozhangrenquan。

BBIN  renhegongminxiangyouxianfahefalvguidingdequanli,tongshibixulvxingxianfahefalvguidingdeyiwu。

  disanshisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguonianmanshibazhousuidegongmin,bufenminzu、zhongzu、xingbie、zhiye、jiatingchushen、zongjiaoxinyang、jiaoyuchengdu、caichanzhuangkuang、juzhuqixian,douyouxuanjuquanhebeixuanjuquan;danshiyizhaofalvbeiboduozhengzhiquanliderenchuwai。

BBIN  disanshiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouyanlun、chuban、jihui、jieshe、youxing、shiweideziyou。

  disanshiliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouzongjiaoxinyangziyou。

  renheguojiajiguan、shehuituantihegerenbudeqiangzhigongminxinyangzongjiaohuozhebuxinyangzongjiao,budeqishixinyangzongjiaodegongminhebuxinyangzongjiaodegongmin。

  guojiabaohuzhengchangdezongjiaohuodong。renherenbudeliyongzongjiaojinxingpohuaishehuizhixu、sunhaigongminshentijiankang、fangaiguojiajiaoyuzhidudehuodong。

BBIN  zongjiaotuantihezongjiaoshiwubushouwaiguoshilidezhipei。

  disanshiqitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminderenshenziyoubushouqinfan。

BBIN  renhegongmin,feijingrenminjianchayuanpizhunhuozhejuedinghuozherenminfayuanjueding,bingyougonganjiguanzhixing,bushoudaibu。

BBIN  jinzhifeifajujinheyiqitafangfafeifaboduohuozhexianzhigongminderenshenziyou,jinzhifeifasouchagongmindeshenti。

BBIN  disanshibatiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminderengezunyanbushouqinfan。jinzhiyongrenhefangfaduigongminjinxingwuru、feibanghewugaoxianhai。

  disanshijiutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongmindezhuzhaibushouqinfan。jinzhifeifasouchahuozhefeifaqinrugongmindezhuzhai。

BBIN  disishitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongmindetongxinziyouhetongxinmimishoufalvdebaohu。chuyinguojiaanquanhuozhezhuichaxingshifanzuidexuyao,yougonganjiguanhuozhejianchajiguanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxuduitongxinjinxingjianchawai,renhezuzhihuozhegerenbudeyirenheliyouqinfangongmindetongxinziyouhetongxinmimi。

BBIN  disishiyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminduiyurenheguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuan,youtichupipinghejianyidequanli;duiyurenheguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuandeweifashizhixingwei,youxiangyouguanguojiajiguantichushensu、konggaohuozhejianjudequanli,danshibudeniezaohuozhewaiqushishijinxingwugaoxianhai。

  duiyugongmindeshensu、konggaohuozhejianju,youguanguojiajiguanbixuchaqingshishi,fuzechuli。renherenbudeyazhihedajibaofu。

  youyuguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuanqinfangongminquanliershoudaosunshideren,youyizhaofalvguidingqudepeichangdequanli。

  disishiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyoulaodongdequanliheyiwu。

BBIN  guojiatongguogezhongtujing,chuangzaolaodongjiuyetiaojian,jiaqianglaodongbaohu,gaishanlaodongtiaojian,bingzaifazhanshengchandejichushang,tigaolaodongbaochouhefulidaiyu。

  laodongshiyiqieyoulaodongnenglidegongmindeguangrongzhize。guoyouqiyehechengxiangjitijingjizuzhidelaodongzhedouyingdangyiguojiazhurenwengdetaiduduidaizijidelaodong。guojiatichangshehuizhuyilaodongjingsai,jianglilaodongmofanhexianjingongzuozhe。guojiatichanggongmincongshiyiwulaodong。

  guojiaduijiuyeqiandegongminjinxingbiyaodelaodongjiuyexunlian。

BBIN  disishisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguolaodongzheyouxiuxidequanli。

  guojiafazhanlaodongzhexiuxihexiuyangdesheshi,guidingzhigongdegongzuoshijianhexiujiazhidu。

BBIN  disishisitiao guojiayizhaofalvguidingshixingqiyeshiyezuzhidezhigongheguojiajiguangongzuorenyuandetuixiuzhidu。tuixiurenyuandeshenghuoshoudaoguojiaheshehuidebaozhang。

  disishiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminzainianlao、jibinghuozhesangshilaodongnenglideqingkuangxia,youcongguojiaheshehuihuodewuzhibangzhudequanli。guojiafazhanweigongminxiangshouzheixiequanlisuoxuyaodeshehuibaoxian、shehuijiujiheyiliaoweishengshiye。

  guojiaheshehuibaozhangcanfeijunrendeshenghuo,fuxulieshijiashu,youdaijunrenjiashu。

BBIN  guojiaheshehuibangzhuanpaimang、long、yaheqitayoucanjidegongmindelaodong、shenghuohejiaoyu。

  disishiliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyoushoujiaoyudequanliheyiwu。

  guojiapeiyangqingnian、shaonian、ertongzaipinde、zhili、tizhidengfangmianquanmianfazhan。

BBIN  disishiqitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyoujinxingkexueyanjiu、wenxueyishuchuangzuoheqitawenhuahuodongdeziyou。guojiaduiyucongshijiaoyu、kexue、jishu、wenxue、yishuheqitawenhuashiyedegongmindeyouyiyurenmindechuangzaoxinggongzuo,jiyigulihebangzhu。

  disishibatiao zhonghuarenmingongheguofunvzaizhengzhide、jingjide、wenhuade、shehuidehejiatingdeshenghuodenggefangmianxiangyoutongnanzipingdengdequanli。

  guojiabaohufunvdequanliheliyi,shixingnannvtonggongtongchou,peiyanghexuanbafunvganbu。

  disishijiutiao hunyin、jiating、muqinheertongshouguojiadebaohu。

  fuqishuangfangyoushixingjihuashengyudeyiwu。

BBIN  fumuyoufuyangjiaoyuweichengnianzinvdeyiwu,chengnianzinvyoushanyangfuzhufumudeyiwu。

BBIN  jinzhipohuaihunyinziyou,jinzhinvedailaoren、funvheertong。

  diwushitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguobaohuhuaqiaodezhengdangdequanliheliyi,baohuguiqiaoheqiaojuandehefadequanliheliyi。

  diwushiyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminzaixingshiziyouhequanlideshihou,budesunhaiguojiade、shehuide、jitideliyiheqitagongmindehefadeziyouhequanli。

  diwushiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouweihuguojiatongyihequanguogeminzutuanjiedeyiwu。

  diwushisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminbixuzunshouxianfahefalv,baoshouguojiamimi,aihugonggongcaichan,zunshoulaodongjilv,zunshougonggongzhixu,zunzhongshehuigongde。

  diwushisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouweihuzuguodeanquan、rongyuheliyideyiwu,budeyouweihaizuguodeanquan、rongyuheliyidexingwei。

  diwushiwutiao baoweizuguo、dikangqinlveshizhonghuarenmingongheguomeiyigegongmindeshenshengzhize。

BBIN  yizhaofalvfubingyihecanjiaminbingzuzhishizhonghuarenmingongheguogongmindeguangrongyiwu。

  diwushiliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouyizhaofalvnashuideyiwu。

第三章 国家机构

  第一节 全国人民代表大会

BBIN  diwushiqitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuishizuigaoguojiaquanlijiguan。tadechangshejiguanshiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhui。

  diwushibatiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuixingshiguojialifaquan。

BBIN  diwushijiutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyousheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashi、tebiexingzhengquhejunduixuanchudedaibiaozucheng。geshaoshuminzudouyingdangyoushidangmingededaibiao。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanjuyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhuchi。

BBIN  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaomingehedaibiaochanshengbanfayoufalvguiding。

  diliushitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqiwunian。

BBIN  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuirenqijiemandelianggeyueyiqian,quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibixuwanchengxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanju。ruguoyudaobunengjinxingxuanjudefeichangqingkuang,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiyiquantizuchengrenyuandesanfenzhieryishangdeduoshutongguo,keyituichixuanju,yanzhangbenjiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuiderenqi。zaifeichangqingkuangjieshuhouyiniannei,bixuwanchengxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanju。

BBIN  diliushiyitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuiyimeinianjuxingyici,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhaoji。ruguoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuirenweibiyao,huozheyouwufenzhiyiyishangdequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaotiyi,keyilinshizhaojiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuiyi。

BBIN  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuijuxinghuiyideshihou,xuanjuzhuxituanzhuchihuiyi。

  diliushiertiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuixingshixialiezhiquan:

  (yi)xiugaixianfa;

BBIN  (er)jianduxianfadeshishi;

  (san)zhidinghexiugaixingshi、minshi、guojiajigoudeheqitadejibenfalv;

  (si)xuanjuzhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxi;

BBIN  (wu)genjuzhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxidetiming,juedingguowuyuanzongliderenxuan;genjuguowuyuanzonglidetiming,juedingguowuyuanfuzongli、guowuweiyuan、gebubuzhang、geweiyuanhuizhuren、shenjizhang、mishuzhangderenxuan;

  (liu)xuanjuzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxi;genjuzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxidetiming,juedingzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiqitazuchengrenyuanderenxuan;

BBIN  (qi)xuanjuzuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhang;

  (ba)xuanjuzuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchazhang;

  (jiu)shenchahepizhunguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihuahejihuazhixingqingkuangdebaogao;

  (shi)shenchahepizhunguojiadeyusuanheyusuanzhixingqingkuangdebaogao;

  (shiyi)gaibianhuozhechexiaoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibushidangdejueding;

BBIN  (shier)pizhunsheng、zizhiquhezhixiashidejianzhi;

  (shisan)juedingtebiexingzhengqudeshelijiqizhidu;

  (shisi)juedingzhanzhenghehepingdewenti;

BBIN  (shiwu)yingdangyouzuigaoguojiaquanlijiguanxingshideqitazhiquan。

  diliushisantiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyouquanbamianxialierenyuan:

BBIN  (yi)zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxi;

  (er)guowuyuanzongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuan、gebubuzhang、geweiyuanhuizhuren、shenjizhang、mishuzhang;

  (san)zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxihezhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiqitazuchengrenyuan;

BBIN  (si)zuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhang;

BBIN  (wu)zuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchazhang。

BBIN  diliushisitiao xianfadexiugai,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuihuozhewufenzhiyiyishangdequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaotiyi,bingyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyiquantidaibiaodesanfenzhieryishangdeduoshutongguo。

BBIN  falvheqitayianyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyiquantidaibiaodeguobanshutongguo。

  diliushiwutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiyouxialierenyuanzucheng:

  weiyuanzhang,

  fuweiyuanzhangruoganren,

  mishuzhang,

  weiyuanruoganren。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizuchengrenyuanzhong,yingdangyoushidangmingedeshaoshuminzudaibiao。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanjubingyouquanbamianquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuan。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuanbudedanrenguojiaxingzhengjiguan、shenpanjiguanhejianchajiguandezhiwu。

  diliushiliutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuimeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,taxingshizhiquandaoxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanchuxindechangwuweiyuanhuiweizhi。

  weiyuanzhang、fuweiyuanzhanglianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。

BBIN  diliushiqitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuixingshixialiezhiquan:

BBIN  (yi)jieshixianfa,jianduxianfadeshishi;

BBIN  (er)zhidinghexiugaichuyingdangyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuizhidingdefalvyiwaideqitafalv;

  (san)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,duiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuizhidingdefalvjinxingbufenbuchonghexiugai,danshibudetonggaifalvdejibenyuanzexiangdichu;

  (si)jieshifalv;

  (wu)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,shenchahepizhunguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihua、guojiayusuanzaizhixingguochengzhongsuobixuzuodebufendiaozhengfangan;

  (liu)jianduguowuyuan、zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhui、zuigaorenminfayuanhezuigaorenminjianchayuandegongzuo;

  (qi)chexiaoguowuyuanzhidingdetongxianfa、falvxiangdichudexingzhengfagui、juedinghemingling;

BBIN  (ba)chexiaosheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashiguojiaquanlijiguanzhidingdetongxianfa、falvhexingzhengfaguixiangdichudedifangxingfaguihejueyi;

  (jiu)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,genjuguowuyuanzonglidetiming,juedingbuzhang、weiyuanhuizhuren、shenjizhang、mishuzhangderenxuan;

  (shi)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,genjuzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxidetiming,juedingzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiqitazuchengrenyuanderenxuan;

  (shiyi)genjuzuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhangdetiqing,renmianzuigaorenminfayuanfuyuanzhang、shenpanyuan、shenpanweiyuanhuiweiyuanhejunshifayuanyuanzhang;

  (shier)genjuzuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchazhangdetiqing,renmianzuigaorenminjianchayuanfujianchazhang、jianchayuan、jianchaweiyuanhuiweiyuanhejunshijianchayuanjianchazhang,bingqiepizhunsheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashiderenminjianchayuanjianchazhangderenmian;

BBIN  (shisan)juedingzhuwaiquanquandaibiaoderenmian;

  (shisi)juedingtongwaiguodijiedetiaoyuehezhongyaoxiedingdepizhunhefeichu;

  (shiwu)guidingjunrenhewaijiaorenyuandexianjizhiduheqitazhuanmenxianjizhidu;

  (shiliu)guidinghejuedingshouyuguojiadexunzhangherongyuchenghao;

  (shiqi)juedingteshe;

  (shiba)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,ruguoyudaoguojiazaoshouwuzhuangqinfanhuozhebixulvxingguojijiangongtongfangzhiqinlvedetiaoyuedeqingkuang,juedingzhanzhengzhuangtaidexuanbu;

BBIN  (shijiu)juedingquanguozongdongyuanhuozhejubudongyuan;

BBIN  (ershi)juedingquanguohuozhegebiesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashijinrujinjizhuangtai;

  (ershiyi)quanguorenmindaibiaodahuishouyudeqitazhiquan。

BBIN  diliushibatiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiweiyuanzhangzhuchiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidegongzuo,zhaojiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuihuiyi。fuweiyuanzhang、mishuzhangxiezhuweiyuanzhanggongzuo。

  weiyuanzhang、fuweiyuanzhang、mishuzhangzuchengweiyuanzhanghuiyi,chuliquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezhongyaorichanggongzuo。

BBIN  diliushijiutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。

BBIN  diqishitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuisheliminzuweiyuanhui、falvweiyuanhui、caizhengjingjiweiyuanhui、jiaoyukexuewenhuaweishengweiyuanhui、waishiweiyuanhui、huaqiaoweiyuanhuiheqitaxuyaoshelidezhuanmenweiyuanhui。zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,gezhuanmenweiyuanhuishouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidelingdao。

  gezhuanmenweiyuanhuizaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuilingdaoxia,yanjiu、shenyihenidingyouguanyian。

  diqishiyitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuirenweibiyaodeshihou,keyizuzhibbintedingwentidediaochaweiyuanhui,bingqiegenjudiaochaweiyuanhuidebaogao,zuochuxiangyingdejueyi。

BBIN  diaochaweiyuanhuijinxingdiaochadeshihou,yiqieyouguandeguojiajiguan、shehuituantihegongmindouyouyiwuxiangtatigongbiyaodecailiao。

BBIN  diqishiertiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaohequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizuchengrenyuan,youquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxufenbietichushuyuquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhiquanfanweineideyian。

  diqishisantiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaozaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuikaihuiqijian,quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizuchengrenyuanzaichangwuweiyuanhuikaihuiqijian,youquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxutichuduiguowuyuanhuozheguowuyuangebu、geweiyuanhuidezhixunan。shouzhixundejiguanbixufuzedafu。

  diqishisitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiao,feijingquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuiyizhuxituanxuke,zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijianfeijingquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuixuke,bushoudaibuhuozhexingshishenpan。

  diqishiwutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaozaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuigezhonghuiyishangdefayanhebiaojue,bushoufalvzhuijiu。

  diqishiliutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaobixumofandizunshouxianfahefalv,baoshouguojiamimi,bingqiezaizijicanjiadeshengchan、gongzuoheshehuihuodongzhong,xiezhuxianfahefalvdeshishi。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoyingdangtongyuanxuanjudanweiherenminbaochimiqiedelianxi,tingquhefanyingrenmindeyijianheyaoqiu,nuliweirenminfuwu。

  diqishiqitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoshouyuanxuanjudanweidejiandu。yuanxuanjudanweiyouquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxubamianbendanweixuanchudedaibiao。

  diqishibatiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuzhihegongzuochengxuyoufalvguiding。

  第二节 中华人民共和国主席

  diqishijiutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxiyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanju。

  youxuanjuquanhebeixuanjuquandenianmansishiwuzhousuidezhonghuarenmingongheguogongminkeyibeixuanweizhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxi。

BBIN  zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuximeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,lianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。

  dibashitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxigenjuquanguorenmindaibiaodahuidejuedinghequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidejueding,gongbufalv,renmianguowuyuanzongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuan、gebubuzhang、geweiyuanhuizhuren、shenjizhang、mishuzhang,shouyuguojiadexunzhangherongyuchenghao,fabutesheling,xuanbujinrujinjizhuangtai,xuanbuzhanzhengzhuangtai,fabudongyuanling。

  dibashiyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxidaibiaozhonghuarenmingongheguo,jinxingguoshihuodong,jieshouwaiguoshijie;genjuquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidejueding,paiqianhezhaohuizhuwaiquanquandaibiao,pizhunhefeichutongwaiguodijiedetiaoyuehezhongyaoxieding。

  dibashiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguofuzhuxixiezhuzhuxigongzuo。

BBIN  zhonghuarenmingongheguofuzhuxishouzhuxideweituo,keyidaixingzhuxidebufenzhiquan。

BBIN  dibashisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxixingshizhiquandaoxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanchudezhuxi、fuzhuxijiuzhiweizhi。

  dibashisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxiqueweideshihou,youfuzhuxijirenzhuxidezhiwei。

  zhonghuarenmingongheguofuzhuxiqueweideshihou,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibuxuan。

  zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxidouqueweideshihou,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibuxuan;zaibuxuanyiqian,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiweiyuanzhangzanshidailizhuxizhiwei。

  第三节 国务院

  dibashiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoguowuyuan,jizhongyangrenminzhengfu,shizuigaoguojiaquanlijiguandezhixingjiguan,shizuigaoguojiaxingzhengjiguan。

BBIN  dibashiliutiao guowuyuanyouxialierenyuanzucheng:

  zongli,

  fuzongliruoganren,

  guowuweiyuanruoganren,

  gebubuzhang,

  geweiyuanhuizhuren,

  shenjizhang,

  mishuzhang。

BBIN  guowuyuanshixingzonglifuzezhi。gebu、geweiyuanhuishixingbuzhang、zhurenfuzezhi。

  guowuyuandezuzhiyoufalvguiding。

  dibashiqitiao guowuyuanmeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。

BBIN  zongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuanlianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。

  dibashibatiao zonglilingdaoguowuyuandegongzuo。fuzongli、guowuweiyuanxiezhuzongligongzuo。

BBIN  zongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuan、mishuzhangzuchengguowuyuanchangwuhuiyi。

BBIN  zonglizhaojihezhuchiguowuyuanchangwuhuiyiheguowuyuanquantihuiyi。

BBIN  dibashijiutiao guowuyuanxingshixialiezhiquan:

  (yi)genjuxianfahefalv,guidingxingzhengcuoshi,zhidingxingzhengfagui,fabujuedinghemingling;

BBIN  (er)xiangquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuozhequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuitichuyian;

  (san)guidinggebuhegeweiyuanhuiderenwuhezhize,tongyilingdaogebuhegeweiyuanhuidegongzuo,bingqielingdaobushuyugebuhegeweiyuanhuidequanguoxingdexingzhenggongzuo;

BBIN  (si)tongyilingdaoquanguodifanggejiguojiaxingzhengjiguandegongzuo,guidingzhongyanghesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashideguojiaxingzhengjiguandezhiquandejutihuafen;

  (wu)bianzhihezhixingguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihuaheguojiayusuan;

BBIN  (liu)lingdaoheguanlijingjigongzuohechengxiangjianshe;

BBIN  (qi)lingdaoheguanlijiaoyu、kexue、wenhua、weisheng、tiyuhejihuashengyugongzuo;

  (ba)lingdaoheguanliminzheng、gongan、sifaxingzhenghejianchadenggongzuo;

  (jiu)guanliduiwaishiwu,tongwaiguodijietiaoyuehexieding;

  (shi)lingdaoheguanliguofangjiansheshiye;

  (shiyi)lingdaoheguanliminzushiwu,baozhangshaoshuminzudepingdengquanliheminzuzizhidifangdezizhiquanli;

  (shier)baohuhuaqiaodezhengdangdequanliheliyi,baohuguiqiaoheqiaojuandehefadequanliheliyi;

BBIN  (shisan)gaibianhuozhechexiaogebu、geweiyuanhuifabudebushidangdemingling、zhishiheguizhang;

BBIN  (shisi)gaibianhuozhechexiaodifanggejiguojiaxingzhengjiguandebushidangdejuedinghemingling;

  (shiwu)pizhunsheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashidequyuhuafen,pizhunzizhizhou、xian、zizhixian、shidejianzhihequyuhuafen;

  (shiliu)yizhaofalvguidingjuedingsheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashidefanweineibufendiqujinrujinjizhuangtai;

  (shiqi)shendingxingzhengjigoudebianzhi,yizhaofalvguidingrenmian、peixun、kaohehejiangchengxingzhengrenyuan;

  (shiba)quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuishouyudeqitazhiquan。

BBIN  dijiushitiao guowuyuangebubuzhang、geweiyuanhuizhurenfuzebenbumendegongzuo;zhaojihezhuchibuwuhuiyihuozheweiyuanhuihuiyi、weiwuhuiyi,taolunjuedingbenbumengongzuodezhongdawenti。

  gebu、geweiyuanhuigenjufalvheguowuyuandexingzhengfagui、jueding、mingling,zaibenbumendequanxiannei,fabumingling、zhishiheguizhang。

  dijiushiyitiao guowuyuanshelishenjijiguan,duiguowuyuangebumenhedifanggejizhengfudecaizhengshouzhi,duiguojiadecaizhengjinrongjigouheqiyeshiyezuzhidecaiwushouzhi,jinxingshenjijiandu。

  shenjijiguanzaiguowuyuanzonglilingdaoxia,yizhaofalvguidingdulixingshishenjijianduquan,bushouqitaxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。

  dijiushiertiao guowuyuanduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo;zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,duiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。

  第四节 中央军事委员会

  dijiushisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuilingdaoquanguowuzhuangliliang。

  zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiyouxialierenyuanzucheng:

  zhuxi,

  fuzhuxiruoganren,

  weiyuanruoganren。

  zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuishixingzhuxifuzezhi。

  zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuimeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。

BBIN  dijiushisitiao zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxiduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。

  第五节 地方各级人民代表大会和地方各级人民政府

  dijiushiwutiao sheng、zhixiashi、xian、shi、shixiaqu、xiang、minzuxiang、zhenshelirenmindaibiaodahuiherenminzhengfu。

  difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenminzhengfudezuzhiyoufalvguiding。

BBIN  zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianshelizizhijiguan。zizhijiguandezuzhihegongzuogenjuxianfadisanzhangdiwujie、diliujieguidingdejibenyuanzeyoufalvguiding。

  dijiushiliutiao difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuishidifangguojiaquanlijiguan。

  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuishelichangwuweiyuanhui。

  dijiushiqitiao sheng、zhixiashi、shequdeshiderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoyouxiayijiderenmindaibiaodahuixuanju;xian、bushequdeshi、shixiaqu、xiang、minzuxiang、zhenderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoyouxuanminzhijiexuanju。

  difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaomingehedaibiaochanshengbanfayoufalvguiding。

  dijiushibatiao difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqiwunian。

  dijiushijiutiao difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuizaibenxingzhengquyunei,baozhengxianfa、falv、xingzhengfaguidezunshouhezhixing;yizhaofalvguidingdequanxian,tongguohefabujueyi,shenchahejuedingdifangdejingjijianshe、wenhuajianshehegonggongshiyejianshedejihua。

  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuishenchahepizhunbenxingzhengquyuneideguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihua、yusuanyijitamendezhixingqingkuangdebaogao;youquangaibianhuozhechexiaobenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibushidangdejueding。

  minzuxiangderenmindaibiaodahuikeyiyizhaofalvguidingdequanxiancaiqushiheminzutediandejuticuoshi。

BBIN  diyibaitiao sheng、zhixiashiderenmindaibiaodahuihetamendechangwuweiyuanhui,zaibutongxianfa、falv、xingzhengfaguixiangdichudeqiantixia,keyizhidingdifangxingfagui,baoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibeian。

BBIN  diyibailingyitiao difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuifenbiexuanjubingqieyouquanbamianbenjirenminzhengfudeshengzhanghefushengzhang、shizhanghefushizhang、xianzhanghefuxianzhang、quzhanghefuquzhang、xiangzhanghefuxiangzhang、zhenzhanghefuzhenzhang。

BBIN  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuixuanjubingqieyouquanbamianbenjirenminfayuanyuanzhanghebenjirenminjianchayuanjianchazhang。xuanchuhuozhebamianrenminjianchayuanjianchazhang,xubaoshangjirenminjianchayuanjianchazhangtiqinggaijirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhun。

  diyibailingertiao sheng、zhixiashi、shequdeshiderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoshouyuanxuanjudanweidejiandu;xian、bushequdeshi、shixiaqu、xiang、minzuxiang、zhenderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoshouxuanmindejiandu。

  difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanjudanweihexuanminyouquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxubamianyoutamenxuanchudedaibiao。

  diyibailingsantiao xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiyouzhuren、fuzhurenruoganrenheweiyuanruoganrenzucheng,duibenjirenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。

  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuixuanjubingyouquanbamianbenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuan。

BBIN  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuanbudedanrenguojiaxingzhengjiguan、shenpanjiguanhejianchajiguandezhiwu。

BBIN  diyibailingsitiao xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuitaolun、juedingbenxingzhengquyuneigefangmiangongzuodezhongdashixiang;jiandubenjirenminzhengfu、renminfayuanherenminjianchayuandegongzuo;chexiaobenjirenminzhengfudebushidangdejuedinghemingling;chexiaoxiayijirenmindaibiaodahuidebushidangdejueyi;yizhaofalvguidingdequanxianjuedingguojiajiguangongzuorenyuanderenmian;zaibenjirenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,bamianhebuxuanshangyijirenmindaibiaodahuidegebiedaibiao。

  diyibailingwutiao difanggejirenminzhengfushidifanggejiguojiaquanlijiguandezhixingjiguan,shidifanggejiguojiaxingzhengjiguan。

BBIN  difanggejirenminzhengfushixingshengzhang、shizhang、xianzhang、quzhang、xiangzhang、zhenzhangfuzezhi。

  diyibailingliutiao difanggejirenminzhengfumeijierenqitongbenjirenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。

BBIN  diyibailingqitiao xianjiyishangdifanggejirenminzhengfuyizhaofalvguidingdequanxian,guanlibenxingzhengquyuneidejingji、jiaoyu、kexue、wenhua、weisheng、tiyushiye、chengxiangjiansheshiyehecaizheng、minzheng、gongan、minzushiwu、sifaxingzheng、jiancha、jihuashengyudengxingzhenggongzuo,fabujuedinghemingling,renmian、peixun、kaohehejiangchengxingzhenggongzuorenyuan。

  xiang、minzuxiang、zhenderenminzhengfuzhixingbenjirenmindaibiaodahuidejueyiheshangjiguojiaxingzhengjiguandejuedinghemingling,guanlibenxingzhengquyuneidexingzhenggongzuo。

BBIN  sheng、zhixiashiderenminzhengfujuedingxiang、minzuxiang、zhendejianzhihequyuhuafen。

  diyibailingbatiao xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenminzhengfulingdaosuoshugegongzuobumenhexiajirenminzhengfudegongzuo,youquangaibianhuozhechexiaosuoshugegongzuobumenhexiajirenminzhengfudebushidangdejueding。

BBIN  diyibailingjiutiao xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenminzhengfushelishenjijiguan。difanggejishenjijiguanyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshishenjijianduquan,duibenjirenminzhengfuheshangyijishenjijiguanfuze。

  diyibaiyishitiao difanggejirenminzhengfuduibenjirenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenminzhengfuzaibenjirenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,duibenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。

  difanggejirenminzhengfuduishangyijiguojiaxingzhengjiguanfuzebingbaogaogongzuo。quanguodifanggejirenminzhengfudoushiguowuyuantongyilingdaoxiadeguojiaxingzhengjiguan,doufucongguowuyuan。

BBIN  diyibaiyishiyitiao chengshihenongcunanjuminjuzhudiqushelidejuminweiyuanhuihuozhecunminweiyuanhuishijicengqunzhongxingzizhizuzhi。juminweiyuanhui、cunminweiyuanhuidezhuren、fuzhurenheweiyuanyoujuminxuanju。juminweiyuanhui、cunminweiyuanhuitongjicengzhengquandexianghuguanxiyoufalvguiding。

  juminweiyuanhui、cunminweiyuanhuisherenmindiaojie、zhianbaowei、gonggongweishengdengweiyuanhui,banlibenjuzhudiqudegonggongshiwuhegongyishiye,diaojieminjianjiufen,xiezhuweihushehuizhian,bingqiexiangrenminzhengfufanyingqunzhongdeyijian、yaoqiuhetichujianyi。

  第六节 民族自治地方的自治机关

BBIN  diyibaiyishiertiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanshizizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianderenmindaibiaodahuiherenminzhengfu。

  diyibaiyishisantiao zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianderenmindaibiaodahuizhong,chushixingquyuzizhideminzudedaibiaowai,qitajuzhuzaibenxingzhengquyuneideminzuyeyingdangyoushidangmingededaibiao。

BBIN  zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianderenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhongyingdangyoushixingquyuzizhideminzudegongmindanrenzhurenhuozhefuzhuren。

BBIN  diyibaiyishisitiao zizhiquzhuxi、zizhizhouzhouzhang、zizhixianxianzhangyoushixingquyuzizhideminzudegongmindanren。

  diyibaiyishiwutiao zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixiandezizhijiguanxingshixianfadisanzhangdiwujieguidingdedifangguojiajiguandezhiquan,tongshiyizhaoxianfa、minzuquyuzizhifaheqitafalvguidingdequanxianxingshizizhiquan,genjubendifangshijiqingkuangguanchezhixingguojiadefalv、zhengce。

  diyibaiyishiliutiao minzuzizhidifangderenmindaibiaodahuiyouquanyizhaodangdiminzudezhengzhi、jingjihewenhuadetedian,zhidingzizhitiaolihedanxingtiaoli。zizhiqudezizhitiaolihedanxingtiaoli,baoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhunhoushengxiao。zizhizhou、zizhixiandezizhitiaolihedanxingtiaoli,baoshenghuozhezizhiquderenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhunhoushengxiao,bingbaoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibeian。

BBIN  diyibaiyishiqitiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanyouguanlidifangcaizhengdezizhiquan。fanshiyizhaoguojiacaizhengtizhishuyuminzuzizhidifangdecaizhengshouru,douyingdangyouminzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzizhudianpaishiyong。

  diyibaiyishibatiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzaiguojiajihuadezhidaoxia,zizhudianpaiheguanlidifangxingdejingjijiansheshiye。

BBIN  guojiazaiminzuzizhidifangkaifaziyuan、jiansheqiyedeshihou,yingdangzhaoguminzuzizhidifangdeliyi。

  diyibaiyishijiutiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzizhudiguanlibendifangdejiaoyu、kexue、wenhua、weisheng、tiyushiye,baohuhezhengliminzudewenhuayichan,fazhanhefanrongminzuwenhua。

BBIN  diyibaiershitiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanyizhaoguojiadejunshizhiduhedangdideshijixuyao,jingguowuyuanpizhun,keyizuzhibendifangweihushehuizhiandegonganbudui。

  diyibaiershiyitiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzaizhixingzhiwudeshihou,yizhaobenminzuzizhidifangzizhitiaolideguiding,shiyongdangditongyongdeyizhonghuozhejizhongyuyanwenzi。

  diyibaiershiertiao guojiacongcaizheng、wuzi、jishudengfangmianbangzhugeshaoshuminzujiasufazhanjingjijianshehewenhuajiansheshiye。

BBIN  guojiabangzhuminzuzizhidifangcongdangdiminzuzhongdaliangpeiyanggejiganbu、gezhongzhuanyerencaihejishugongren。

  第七节 人民法院和人民检察院

  diyibaiershisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguorenminfayuanshiguojiadeshenpanjiguan。

BBIN  diyibaiershisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshelizuigaorenminfayuan、difanggejirenminfayuanhejunshifayuandengzhuanmenrenminfayuan。

  zuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhangmeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,lianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。

BBIN  renminfayuandezuzhiyoufalvguiding。

  diyibaiershiwutiao renminfayuanshenlianjian,chufalvguidingdetebieqingkuangwai,yilvgongkaijinxing。beigaorenyouquanhuodebianhu。

BBIN  diyibaiershiliutiao renminfayuanyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshishenpanquan,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。

  diyibaiershiqitiao zuigaorenminfayuanshizuigaoshenpanjiguan。

  zuigaorenminfayuanjiandudifanggejirenminfayuanhezhuanmenrenminfayuandeshenpangongzuo,shangjirenminfayuanjianduxiajirenminfayuandeshenpangongzuo。

BBIN  diyibaiershibatiao zuigaorenminfayuanduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。difanggejirenminfayuanduichanshengtadeguojiaquanlijiguanfuze。

  diyibaiershijiutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguorenminjianchayuanshiguojiadefalvjiandujiguan。

  diyibaisanshitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshelizuigaorenminjianchayuan、difanggejirenminjianchayuanhejunshijianchayuandengzhuanmenrenminjianchayuan。

BBIN  zuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchazhangmeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,lianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。

BBIN  renminjianchayuandezuzhiyoufalvguiding。

  diyibaisanshiyitiao renminjianchayuanyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshijianchaquan,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。

  diyibaisanshiertiao zuigaorenminjianchayuanshizuigaojianchajiguan。

  zuigaorenminjianchayuanlingdaodifanggejirenminjianchayuanhezhuanmenrenminjianchayuandegongzuo,shangjirenminjianchayuanlingdaoxiajirenminjianchayuandegongzuo。

  diyibaisanshisantiao zuigaorenminjianchayuanduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。difanggejirenminjianchayuanduichanshengtadeguojiaquanlijiguanheshangjirenminjianchayuanfuze。

  diyibaisanshisitiao geminzugongmindouyouyongbenminzuyuyanwenzijinxingsusongdequanli。renminfayuanherenminjianchayuanduiyubutongxiaodangditongyongdeyuyanwenzidesusongcanyuren,yingdangweitamenfanyi。

  zaishaoshuminzujujuhuozheduominzugongtongjuzhudediqu,yingdangyongdangditongyongdeyuyanjinxingshenli;qisushu、panjueshu、bugaoheqitawenshuyingdanggenjushijixuyaoshiyongdangditongyongdeyizhonghuozhejizhongwenzi。

BBIN  diyibaisanshiwutiao renminfayuan、renminjianchayuanhegonganjiguanbanlixingshianjian,yingdangfengongfuze,huxiangpeihe,huxiangzhiyue,yibaozhengzhunqueyouxiaodizhixingfalv。

第四章 国旗、国歌、国徽、首都

  diyibaisanshiliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoguoqishiwuxinghongqi。

  zhonghuarenmingongheguoguogeshi《yiyongjunjinxingqu》。

BBIN  diyibaisanshiqitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoguohui,zhongjianshiwuxingzhaoyaoxiadetiananmen,zhouweishigusuihechilun。

  diyibaisanshibatiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshoudoushibeijing。

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